Spain and Portugal together make up the Iberian Peninsula, the westernmost of the three major peninsulas of southern Europe.
It forms an enormous octagonal promontory at the extreme S.W. of the Continent. It is situated in a temperate zone, lying
between 43 47' 24'' N. (Estaca de Bares), and 36 00' 03'' S. (Punta de Tarifa), latitude and between 7 00' 29'' E.(Cabo de
Creus), and 5 36' 40' W. (Cabo de Tourinan), longitude. Spain occupies four fifths of the 580,825 square kilometers that make
up the total area of the Peninsula. It borders to the north on the Bay of Biscay, France and Andorra, to the east, on the
Mediterranean Sea, to the south, on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west, on the Atlantic and Portugal.
In relation to many other countries of the world Spain, with its surface area of 505,957 square kilometers, takes up only
a small part of the map. In terms of the European continent, however, Spain is the third largest country after the Community
of Independent Sates and France.
The above mentioned surface area includes the larger part of the Iberan Peninsula, some 493,486 square kilometers of a
total of 580,760 which completed by Portugal, as well as the 4,992 sq. kms. that make up the Balearic Islands lying to the
East of the peninsula, and the 7,447 sq. kms. contituted by the Canary Islands, which are found more than 1,000 kms. south
of the Peninsula, just off the coast of Africa.
These last form part of the island chain that leads to the Americas via the central Atlantic route. Two Spanish cities
in the north of Africa also form part of the nation, Ceuta with 18 sq. kms. and Melilla with 14 kms.